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What is Dermatology?
Dermatology is a branch of medicine that deals with the skin and diseases of the skin. They can also address cosmetic issues, helping to revitalize the appearance of the skin, hair, and nails. The skin is the largest organ of the body, which acts as a barrier to protect the internal organs from injury and bacteria. It is also a good indicator of the overall health of the body, making the field of dermatology important in the diagnosis and management of many health conditions.
When to see a dermatologist?
If skin, hair, or nail symptoms are not responding to home treatment, it may be time to seek professional attention.
Dermatologists can treat more than 3,000 conditions. Below are some examples of those that they see most commonly:
Acne: Among the most prevalent skin issues, acne has a range of causes that can lead to different types of pimples. Some people experience scarring, low self-esteem, and other complications.
Dermatitis and eczema: Dermatitis is inflammation of the skin, and it typically leads to swelling with an itchy rash. There are various forms, including a topic dermatitis, which is the most common type of eczema.
Fungal infections: These are common and sometimes involve the skin, nails, and hair. A group of yeasts called Candida can cause a wide range of fungal infections, including oral thrush, ringworm, athlete’s foot, and balanitis.
Hair loss: A range of health issues can also cause hair loss.
Warts: These are contagious, benign skin growths that appear when a virus has infected the top layer of skin.
Nail problems: Dermatologists also treat health issues that damage the skin around and under the nails. Ingrown nails, fungal infections, and various other conditions can cause this damage.
Psoriasis: This chronic autoimmune disorder speeds up the growth of skin cells, resulting in patches of skin that may be thick, red, purple, or silvery and scaly. There are several types of psoriasis.
Dermatologists use a range of medical and cosmetic procedures to manage issues affecting the skin, nails, and hair.
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